I’ve got good and bad news for you.
The bad news:
You’ve read countless books, attended trading courses, and have traded for a while now.
Still, you’re not consistently profitable.
The good news?
Everything is going to change from now on.
Because in this post… you’ll learn how to become a successful trader, step by step.
And you’d want to read every single word of it.
How to be a successful trader
You must know…
- The law of large numbers and how it impacts your trading
- The true meaning of trading consistency
- How to find a trading style that suits you
- How to develop your trading plan
- How to execute your trading plan
- How to record and review your trades
Don’t worry if you’ve no idea what I’m talking about.
Because I’ll cover them in more details below…
Law of large numbers and how it impacts your trading
Before anything else, you must understand the law of large numbers.
Wait, what’s that?
The law of large numbers is a theorem that describes the result of performing the same experiment a large number of times. According to the law, the average of the results obtained from a large number of trials should be close to the expected value, and will tend to become closer as more trials are performed. – Probability Theory
For a trader, this means you need a large numbers of trades for your edge to play out.
You will not be consistently profitable every week, taking 5 trades a month.
Because according to the law of large number, results are random in the short run but will be closer to the expected value in the long run.
Focus on whether what you are doing is right, not on the random nature of any single trade’s outcome. – Richard Dennis
What is consistency?
Since the law of large numbers requires a certain number of trades for your edge to play out, how does it impact your trading?
High-frequency trading – Trading at a very high frequency, like 10,000 trades a month. You can expect to be profitable for most of the months, or even every day like Virtu Financial.
Day trader – Trading an average of 3 – 5 times a day, you can expect to be profitable in most of the quarters.
Swing/position trader – Trading an average of 5 – 15 times a month, you can expect to be profitable for most of the years.
The more trades you put on during a shorter period of time, the faster your edge will play out.
But without an edge in the markets, the more trades you put on leads to blowing up your account even faster.
Understand this and you’re ahead of 90% of traders out there.
I will share with you the exact steps on how to be consistently profitable.
Find a trading style that suits you
I don’t think traders can follow rules for very long unless they reflect their own trading style – Ed Seykota
First, find a trading style that suits you.
Not only that, it has to also fit your schedule. If you have a full-time job, it does not make sense to be a day trader.
Go read Market Wizards. It contains an interview with successful traders of various trading styles.
This way you’ll learn what works in the market, and pick one trading style that suits you.
Once you’ve decided on one, find out everything you can about it. Let’s assume you want to be a trend follower.
You can look at:
Academic research papers – You can google academic research papers. E.g. Search for ‘trend following academic research papers’. These are useful research papers you can explore.
Books – Search for books relevant to your trading style. E.g. Search for ‘trend following’ on Amazon. Here’s a list of books that I would highly recommend.
YouTube – Watch videos and learn the thought process of other traders. E.g. Search for ‘trend following’ on YouTube.
Google – You can always find a hidden gem here. Like interviews, podcasts, and blogs related to trend following.
Use all these information you have and build a trading plan.
Develop your trading plan
A trading plan is a structure or a set of guidelines, that defines your trading.
It removes subjectivity in your trading, minimizes the roller coaster emotions, and keeps you prepared at all times.
So, how do you develop a trading plan?
Below are 7 essential questions that every trading plan must answer:
1. Timeframe traded
You must know the time frame you are executing your trades.
For day traders, you would be trading lower time frames like 5 minutes. For swing/position trader, you would be trading higher time frames like 4 hours or daily.
2. Markets Traded
You must know which markets you will be trading. Would you trade all markets, or just trade a certain sector?
3. Risk management
You must know how much risk you are putting on each trade, and how it will change as your trading capital increase/decrease over time. What % of your account will you risk on each trade?
4. What are the conditions of your trading setup?
You need to define what is the exact market condition required before you put on a trade.
5. When to enter
You need to define how exactly will you enter a trade.
6. When to exit if you are wrong
Whenever you enter a trade, you must know the point at which you are wrong, and get out. Which is the point on the chart that will prove you wrong?
7. When to exit if you are right
When the price goes in your favor, you must know how you will exit your trade. Would you trail your stops or set a profit target ahead of time? Would you look to take partial or full profit?
Disclaimer: Below is a sample trading plan that I came up with randomly, please do your own due diligence.
Sample trading plan
I like to use the IF-THEN syntax in my trading plan. It helps keep me more objective with lesser room for discretion.
If I am trading, then I will only trade Eurusd and Audusd. (The markets you are trading)
If I place a trade, then I will not lose more than 1% of my account. (Your risk management)
If 100 EMA is above 200 EMA on daily, then the trend is bullish. (Conditions before entering a trade and time frame you are trading)
If the trend is bullish, then identify an area of support where the price can retrace to. (Conditions before entering a trade)
If price retrace to your area of support, then wait for a higher close. (Conditions before entering a trade)
If price closes higher, then enter long at next candle open. (Entry)
If you are long, then place your stop loss below the low of the candle, and take profit at swing high. (Exit when you’re wrong, and when you’re right)
Plan your trades. Trade your plan. – Linda Rasckhe
Execute your trading plan
Once you’ve completed your trading plan, forward test it in the live markets.
You can do it on demo or small live account.
I would suggest trading micro lots on a live account, to take into account how psychology affects your trading.
You have to execute your trades consistently according to your trading plan. This is where your discipline comes into play, only taking trading setups that meet your trading plan.
Warning 1: If you entering trades based on how you feel instead of following your trading plan, then it would be impossible to tell whether your trading plan has an edge in the markets.
Warning 2: Do not change your trading plan, or jump onto another trading system when you are having a series of losses. I know you are tempted to do so.
Recall the law of large numbers?
Results are random in the short run but will be closer to the expected value in the long run.
This means if you change your trading plan after a few losing trades, you’d never know if you have an edge in the markets. And you will be running around in circles forever!
I would recommend having a sample size of at least 100 trades, before deciding whether your trading plan has an edge in the markets.
Record your trades to remain objective
Executing your trades consistently isn’t enough. You must record down your trades to collect relevant statistical data.
So you can make an objective conclusion and know whether your trading plan has an edge in the markets.
You can easily do this on an excel spreadsheet with the relevant metrics below:
Date – Date when your trade is entered
Time Frame – The time frame you are entering on
Setup – The trading setup that triggers your entry
Product – The Financial product that you trade E.g. Apple, Gold, Eur/Usd
Lots – Position size you entered
Long/short – Direction of your trade
Tick value – Value per pip. E.g. 1 standard lot of Eurusd is $10/pip
Price In – Price you enter your trade
Price Out – Price you exit, at profit or loss
Stop loss – Price where you will exit if your trade is wrong
Profit & loss – Profit or loss from this trade
Initial Risk in $ – Nominal risk value of this trade
R – Your initial risk of this trade. E.g If you made 2 times your initial risk, you made 2R.
An example below:
Click here to get my proprietary trading spreadsheet that allows you to record your trades (Includes a step by step video tutorial on how to use it).
Review your trades and find your edge
After you have a sample size of 100 trades, you can look to review your statistics to see whether you have an edge in the markets.
The most important trading equation you must know:
Expectancy = (Winning % * Average win) – (Losing % * Average loss) – (Commission + slippage)
If you have a positive expectancy, congratulations! You have an edge in the markets.
But what if you don’t have?
You can consider:
Increase your winning % – Be more selective with your entries. Look for other confluence factors that can be added to your trading plan.
Increase your average win – Ride your winners longer. You can do this by trailing your profits as price moves in your favor.
Decrease your average loss – Cut your losses. You can do this by cutting your losers quickly.
If you do not have an edge in the markets, increasing your frequency of trades will not make you profitable. It will only make you lose faster than before.
Likewise, reducing your risk per trade will still cause you to lose, but at a slower pace.
Once you’ve identified the issues and come up with a solution, repeat the entire process over again. Develop >> Execute >> Record >> Review
Unfortunately, there is no one size fits all.
Different traders would encounter different issues with their trading plan, and it is your duty to find out what to fix.
Frequently asked questions
#1: When you talk about Expectancy = (Winning % * Average win) – (Losing % * Average loss) – (Commission + slippage), what does slippage refer to?
Slippage refers to getting in or out of the market at a price that’s worse than the one you have expected.
For example, if you have a stop loss at $100, but the market gapped down lower and opened at $90 the next day, that’s a slippage of $10.
#2: How do you filter and scan for US stocks as part of your trading plan?
You can use a scanner like the one Thinkorswim’s platform, that allows you to scan US stocks.
Alternatively, if you don’t have Thinkorswim access, you can also use Finviz.
You’ve just learned how to become a consistently profitable trader.
Now over to you...
What does it take for you to become a consistently profitable trader?
Leave a comment below and share your thoughts with me.