Do you hesitate to place a trade after losing 5 in a row?
Do you fear that your account will eventually blow up?
Most brokers and marketers want you to think that trading is easy. You click buy, the price goes higher, and you sell. Profit.
But in reality?
Your fears in trading are one of the biggest hurdles to overcome. In this post, I share with you the 5 biggest trading fears that destroy most traders, and how you can avoid it.
What is fear?
The key is whether the threat is real or imagined. In trading, the threat is often imagined and leads you to make sub-optimal decisions.
There are 5 different kinds of fear that arise when trading, and you would encounter them at one point or another. But as you grow as a trader, you realize these fears can be embraced and fear is what will propel you forward.
So, what are these 5 trading fears?
Fear of the unknown
When you don’t know how much you can lose, you are gambling. You are subjected to the unknown forces of the market when price goes against you, leaving you paralyze and helpless.
You don’t know if price will go back in your favor, and the only thing you do is hope. This is the fear of the unknown and is due to the lack of a proper trading education.
No surprise that new traders will likely encounter the fear of the unknown because the picture is painted bright and rosy, till reality sinks in.
Most are attracted to trading because of the freedom it can bring and the near-zero physical work involved, just a click of the mouse. However, what goes behind the scene is seldom talked about and much less publicized.
So, how do you overcome it?
Fear of being wrong
Our educational system is rooted in the construct of right and wrong. We are rewarded for what are deemed to be correct answers and the ensuing higher grades, which generally lead to more successful lives. Being right affirms and inflates our sense of self-worth. As students we learn to avoid as best we can the embarrassment of being wrong. Getting the right answer becomes the primary purpose of our education. Isn’t it regrettable that this may be inconsistent with actually learning? – Mel Schwartz
In short, human beings are culturally wired wanting to be right. We simply hate being wrong and will do whatever it takes just to defend ourselves.
But translate that into trading what do you get?
A trader who wants to win all the time at the expense of trading without a stop loss, and you know what happens in the end.
You can be right 70% of the time and still lose money because your losses are much larger than your wins. E.g. Each winning trade makes you $1 and losing trade cost you $3. Assuming you win 7 trades and lose 3, netting you -$2.
Likewise, you can be right 30% of the time and still make money because your wins are much larger than your losses. E.g. Each winning trade makes you $3 and losing trade cost you $1. Assuming you win 3 trades and lose 7, netting you $2.
Remember, there is zero correlation between your winning % and your profitability.
Likewise, there is zero correlation between your IQ and your success as a trader.
I haven’t seen much correlation between good trading and intelligence. Some outstanding traders are quite intelligent, but a few aren’t. Many outstandingly intelligent people are horrible traders. Average intelligence is enough. Beyond that, emotional make-up is more important – William Eckhardt
Fear of missing out
Imagine you have been eyeing a new pair of sleek leather shoes for the longest time. One day you notice it is on sale but only for a limited time. What would you do?
I can almost guarantee you will rush to buy that pair of leather shoes without a second thought. After all, there isn’t anything to lose besides the money required to buy the shoes.
Why did you do it? Because the fear of missing out is so great that you quickly pounce onto the opportunity lest it gets away.
However, when you translate the fear of missing out into trading, that’s when things could get ugly.
Let’s say you had a plan to long at support because you notice price has been respecting it over the last few weeks. Unfortunately, you missed that trade and now price has rallied higher without you.
To avoid the fear of missing out, you went long at a much higher price which is usually when the market starts to turn.
For some reason should you miss your trading setup, simply let it go. There’s no point in chasing the market further and breaking your own trading rules, only to regret it later on.
Bear in mind that you cannot catch all moves in the market. Depending on your trading approach, some market conditions will be favorable to you, and some will not.
E.g. Trend follower is expected to capture trends in the market. Thus it does not make sense to have the fear of missing out at tops and bottoms in the market.
Fear of losses
Loss aversion refers to the tendency for people to prefer avoiding losses than acquiring gains. Studies by Amos Tversky and Daniel Kahneman suggest that losses are twice as psychologically powerful as gains.
This means that human beings are afraid of losing and would do whatever it takes to avoid losses. However, by avoiding losses it leads to decisions that are detrimental to your trading.
Failure to cut losses – When you are afraid to take a loss, you hesitate to cut your trades because you rather see a paper loss than a realized loss. And this eventually results in blowing up your trading account. (one of the reasons why human beings are not cut out for trading)
Hesitate to pull the trigger – When the fear of losses gets out of control, you hesitate in executing your trades when the time comes. The fear is always at the back of your head causing you to freeze like a deer in headlights. And this eventually causes you to miss profitable trades that could make up for the losses.
And if these isn’t enough, the fear of losses also leads to another problem. The fear of giving back profits.
So how do you handle the fear of losses?
1. Trade with money you can afford to lose (not money that is required to pay the bills)
2. Risk no more than 1% on each trade (you can lose 10 times in a row and the draw down is still manageable)
3. Understand that trading is dealing with probabilities never certainties (only death and taxes are certain)
If you can’t take a small loss, sooner or later you will take the mother of all losses – Ed Seykota
Fear of giving back profits
One of the biggest psychological hurdle a trader face is the fear of giving back profits. But how does it come about?
Let’s be honest, you enter the trading business because you thought it is easy, and do not know what you are actually getting into. Thus it is a norm for you to lose money during the initial stages of your trading. So what do you do?
Whenever you have a small profit in a trade, you do whatever it takes to protect it, fearing that it may turn into a loss. Otherwise known as the fear of giving back profits.
This is a function of how much you have lost in the past. The more you lost the greater your fear of giving back profits, and this vicious cycle repeats.
Looking at the example below you will see how a positive expectancy model is ruined by the fear of giving back profits.
Assume you have a 50% chance of making $10 for every $5 risk, and your next 7 trades look like this
L L L L W W W
L – Lose
W – Win
If you allowed the math to play out you would have netted a gain of $10. (- 20 + 30 )
However, you closed your trades whenever you saw a gain of $5 because of the fear of giving back profits.
This result in a net loss of $5. (- 20 + 15 )
Now how do you overcome this?
Develop a trading plan that has clearly defined entries and exits, and follow your plan. By having a clearly defined plan, you will be more objective in your trading instead of trading based on emotions.
If you want to discover more on how to overcome these fears, then check out this video over here.
As a human being, it is normal to have fears in trading. But whether it cripples you or push you to new heights is entirely dependent on you.
I hope these solutions will help you deal with your fears and push your trading to new heights.